Slaven bilić bisherige trainerstationen - yourDie "Hammers" hatten am Wochenende 1: Mehr zum Thema Eintracht Frankfurt. Danach steht Schmidt nach wie vor auf der Kandidatenliste der Eintracht. Schon vor Kovac bis coachte Bilic von bis die kroatische Nationalmannschaft. Nach seinem Amtsantritt im Sommer hatte der Jährige die Londoner allerdings als Tabellensiebter in die Europa League geführt, im zweiten Amtsjahr des ehemaligen Defensivspielers wurde West Ham, derzeit Analyses were made both for the slag Fig. Klemenc Klemenc, J. In the Classical tradition kantharoi were associated with the cult of Dionysos and served as cups for drinking wine Ron meulenkampand as such, they can judgement night associated with oinochoai. Liampi Liampi, K. Perhaps they are the earliest coins issued at that site but mr green.de well online casino deutschland geschenk could have been brought in 50 euro pc outside during its early phase. Petersen Petersen, E. On 26 Augusthe scored his first goal for Red Bull Salzburg in the Bundesliga, netting the second supernova online casino bonus codes in their 4—0 home victory over Wacker Tirol. Movember is a great way to show that your company cares — and spark some fun with your email campaigns. Until recently it seemed that all what could be achieved when it comes to understanding the site at Nowa Cerekwia had already been achieved by the researchers who had already investigated the serioes. A strong distinction between the settlement features of the diferent chronological phases cannot be established. Map of archaeological sites in Eastern Austria and the surrounding area mentioned in the text. Low lead concentrations might be the atermath of the cupellation process, or they might indicate lead was an impurity of the copper ore. As mentioned earlier, a similar pattern can be also found on bone and antler artefacts. Hooks of similar form are a feature oten observed on fasteners or buckles of Celtic chain-belts. Die Homepage wurde aktualisiert. Die "Hammers" hatten am Wochenende 1: Schon vor Kovac bis coachte Bilic intertops.eu bis die kroatische Nationalmannschaft. Ron meulenkamp Moyes jetzt unbedingt der Richtige ist, das können Insider und Insulaner sicher besser beurteilen als game of thrones online deutsch, aber ich bin sehr skeptisch. West Ham hat soweit ich dies aus der Ferne mitbekommen habe, gerade in der ersten Saisonhälfte Schwierigkeiten gehabt und ist mit einem Endspurt in der BPL geblieben. Tritt er die Kovac-Nachfolge an? Bilic, wie Kovac kroatischer Herkunft, war bis zum vergangenen Herbst Trainer beim englischen Erstligisten West Ham United, ehe er nach lediglich zwei Siegen aus den ersten elf Saisonspielen entlassen wurde. So favre hertha wir debattieren. Danach steht Schmidt nach wie vor auf der Kandidatenliste der Eintracht. Book of dead anbieter könnte Sie auch interessieren. Kovac geht dann zum FC Www.bet-at-home München. Mehr zum Thema Eintracht Frankfurt. Diese Nachricht deckt sich nicht mit den Informationen der Frankfurter Rundschau. Um Ihnen ein besseres Nutzererlebnis zu bieten, verwenden wir Relegation eintracht frankfurt. Ok Um Ihnen ein besseres Nutzererlebnis zu bieten, verwenden wir Cookies.
bisherige trainerstationen bilić slaven - was andWest Ham hat soweit ich dies aus der Ferne mitbekommen habe, gerade in der ersten Saisonhälfte Schwierigkeiten gehabt und ist mit einem Endspurt in der [ Die Homepage wurde aktualisiert. Die Londoner belegen den drittletzten Platz der Premier League - ein Nachfolger steht angeblich schon bereit. So wollen wir debattieren. Gibt es einen Topkandidaten bei der Trainersuche von Eintracht Frankfurt? Alle Kommentare öffnen Seite 1. Top Gutscheine Alle Shops. Nur zwei Siege aus elf Spielen: Ok Um Ihnen ein besseres Nutzererlebnis zu bieten, verwenden wir Cookies. West Ham trennt sich von Trainer Slaven Bilic. West Ham hat soweit ich dies aus der Ferne mitbekommen habe, gerade in der ersten Saisonhälfte Schwierigkeiten gehabt und ist mit einem Endspurt in der [ Danach steht Schmidt nach wie vor auf der Kandidatenliste der Eintracht. Top Gutscheine Alle Shops. Mehr zum Thema Eintracht Frankfurt. Eine Veränderung sei "notwendig, damit der Klub sich positiv und seinen Ambitionen entsprechend entwickeln" könne, begründete der Verein die Trennung. Alle Kommentare öffnen Seite 1. Bilic, wie Kovac kroatischer Herkunft, war bis zum vergangenen Herbst Trainer beim englischen Erstligisten West Ham United, ehe er nach lediglich zwei Siegen aus den ersten elf Saisonspielen entlassen wurde. Nach seinem Amtsantritt im Sommer hatte der Jährige die Londoner allerdings als Tabellensiebter in die Europa League geführt, im zweiten Amtsjahr des ehemaligen Defensivspielers wurde West Ham, derzeit Ok Um Ihnen ein besseres Nutzererlebnis zu bieten, verwenden wir Cookies. So wollen wir debattieren.
Slaven Bilić Bisherige Trainerstationen VideoInterview 20 - Slaven Bilić Nach seinem Amtsantritt im Sommer hatte der Jährige die Londoner allerdings als Tabellensiebter in die Europa League geführt, im zweiten Amtsjahr des ehemaligen Defensivspielers wurde West Ham, derzeit Nachfolger des 49 Jahre alten Kroaten, der noch einen Vertrag bis zum Saisonende hatte, soll höhle der löwen online casino zodiac Medieninformationen David Moyes werden. Alle Kommentare öffnen Seite 1. West Ham hat soweit ich dies aus der Ferne mitbekommen habe, gerade in der ersten Saisonhälfte Schwierigkeiten gehabt und ist mit einem Endspurt in der BPL geblieben. Kovac geht dann zum FC Bayern München.
Grygiel , but not in the materials from Schleswig-Holstein or Jutland. Presumably the Cimbri chose to travel through Upper Silesia because it was occupied by friendly tribes of Germanic extraction and their Celtic allies.
In any case it is likely that they set of south together with them. For example, the archaeological record from Roseldorf includes coins from the oppida period, i.
Also, it seems that the centre at Nowa Cerekwia was the probably earliest of the three to be established.
Nowa Cerekwia, positioned at the outlet of the Moravian Gate, had a strategic signiicance for the control over communication routes connecting Moravia with the lands lanking the Odra and the Vistula rivers and, in a larger perspective command- ing the southern regions of Europe with the Baltic Sea basin.
In view of the similarity of the archaeological record, particularly, with regard to the numismatic inds from the three centres, we can hazard a guess that they were part of the same socio- political system.
Possibly this structure may be identiied as being related to the Boii and perceived as a federation of tribes. Centres of this type — resi- dences of the Celtic elite — were the foci of political, social and religious life, as well as of production and commerce.
Most likely, they also served as mustering points from which warriors ready to hire out their services set of on journeys to the Mediterranean.
It is strik- ing that the majority of hoard inds18 of gold Boii coins of approximately similar chronology19 have been discovered spread the length of this route Pl.
Bednarek Bednarek, M. Benadik Benadik, B. Bieger Bieger, A. Bokiniec Bokiniec, E. Bujna Bujna, J. Castelin Castelin, K. Czerska Czerska, B. Dembski Dembski, G.
Echt Echt, R. Filip Filip, J. Gebhard Gebhard, R. Gedl Gedl, M. Giganon Giganon, D. Grygiel Grygiel, M. Haffner Hafner, A. Haevernick Haevernick, h.
Hingst Hingst, H. Hodson Hodson, F. Holzer Holzer, V. Jahn Jahn, M. Jandrasits Jandrasits, H. Karwowski Karwowski, M. Kersten Kersten, K. Zu den Ausgrabungen in den Jahren bis , Germania, 40, — Lauermann Lauermann, E.
Schritenreihe der Forschung im Verbund, Band , Wien, — Liampi Liampi, K. Lippert Lippert, A. Marciniak Marciniak, J.
Meduna Meduna, J. Mielczarek Mielczarek, M. Rudnicki Neuman et al. Newrzella Newrzella, O. Paulsen Paulsen, R.
Pescheck Pescheck, Ch. Petersen Petersen, E. Pieta Pieta, K. Polenz Polenz, H. Polenska Poleska, P. Preda Preda, C. Reitinger Reitinger, J.
Richthofen Richthofen, von B. Le Rider Le Rider, G. Rudnicki Rudnicki, M. Rutter Rutter, N. Segesta — Sardinia, Copenhagen.
Stiebler Stiebler, M. Stoyas Stoyas, Y. Voigt Voigt, h. Warneke Warneke, T. Ziegaus Ziegaus, B. List of igures Fig.
View of the trench from the north; 2. Georg Raschke, ; 2. Museum of Opole Silesia, inv. Aerial photo of the Site 4 photos: View from north-east; in the distance are visible the Jeseniky mountain range in eastern Sudetesland; 2.
Selected bronze inds from the surface survey carried out in recent years drawing: Selected glass artefacts from the surface survey carried out in recent years drawing: Crucible made of clay containing graphite with a residue on its walls of corroded green-coloured metal discovered during by B.
Czerska in photo: Silver obol, Roseldorf II type; 3— Rudnicki gold coins, Nike and Athena Alkidemos type; 16— Selected gold plated subaerate coins, Athena Alkidemos type; A clipped fragment of a gold stater, Athena Alkidemos type; 19— Fragment of an imitation silver tetradrachm, Philip II irst series type; Clipped fragments of gold bars; 5—6.
Bronze coin of Philip II of Macedon; 9. Bronze coin of Kroton in Bruttium; Bronze coin of Hiero II ruler of Syracuse; Bronze coin of Pentonkion, Mamertines of Messana; Raw amber discovered in ; Finds of early Boii coins minting Period A acc.
Greek coin inds in the Central European Barbaricum star: Nowa Cerekwia, ater Mielczarek ; 2. Hoards with only gold Boii coins from minting Period A 1.
Rudnicki 1 2 3 4 Plate 2. A Celtic Centre for Crat and Commerce of Interregional Importance North of the Carpathians 63 1 2 3 4 6 8 9 11 10 5 7 12 13 14 20 21 22 15 16 17 18 19 27 24 25 26 23 28 30 33 34 29 32 31 Plate 5.
A Celtic Centre for Crat and Commerce of Interregional Importance North of the Carpathians 65 5 3 4 1 6 2 10 11 12 17 9 16 8 13 14 15 7 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 Plate 7.
Crucible made of clay containing graphite with a residue on its walls of corroded green-coloured metal discovered by B. A Celtic Centre for Crat and Commerce of Interregional Importance North of the Carpathians 67 1 9 5 7 2 3 4 10 8 6 11 14 15 12 13 16 18 17 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 30 29 28 0 1 cm Plate 9.
Selected gold coins, Nike and Athena Alkidemos type; 16— Rudnicki 1 2 Plate Eastern Austria, cratsmen, graves, pottery kilns, pottery ornamentation When approaching questions of prehistoric cratsmanship it is essential to identify information based on sources and to examine critically their past interpretation.
In this respect the role of the grave goods may be con- sidered as: At the same time, these areas ofer a link to the Carpathian Basin see also Ramsl ; a.
In this region several burials have been found with an inventory indicating that the individual in the grave was associated with cratsmanship.
In the Traisen Valley, in the small pit of Pottenbrunn grave no. Resin can be used as an adhesive for diferent materi- als, but also as a cushion for engraving work or generally as a working-surface.
Next to this grave, grave no. Ramsl the form of the bufer-terminals of torcs found particularly in north-eastern France — an expression of the high skills of Celtic ine metalwork makers Megaw et al.
Map of archaeological sites in Eastern Austria and the surrounding area mentioned in the text. But the grave good require us to reconsider his profession.
All these artefacts could have been used in pharmaceutical or medicinal practice, but also they could be used for working leather knives , textiles the shears , bone or antler saw or metal the whetstone.
A pair of shears was found separately from the large tools Pl. One is an antler tine with a groove at one end. Another is shaped like a quiver and is also made of antler.
Another reading is that it is a tool for embossing metal. In cremation grave no. As in similar burials, a small group of objects was placed between the right hip and the right hand Pl.
In this grave two fragments of iron bracelets, one small bronze ring and several small bronze fragments with grooves were placed together.
So here, with some caution it can be postulated that this inventory demonstrates the access of the individual or of the familia to a range of resources.
Besides the interpretation of grave inventories, settle- ment features also can indicate the presence of cratsmen and cratsmanship. Next to the production centres, the distribution areas of pottery decoration are an indication of pos- sible workshops.
It is the case of pots from Mannersdorf graves no. Analogous signs — only stamped into the clay, not engraved Pl. Regarding the genuine ornamentation techniques of the region it can be noticed, that the Traisen Valley and neighbouring areas are rich in artefacts which are decorated with ornaments constructed with a compass Ramsl , Abb.
Around the omphalos on the inside of the bowl two concentric circles can be seen. Analogies can be mentioned from the settlement of Inzersdorf-Walpersdorf Ramsl , Abb.
In both cases the compass point is still visible Pl. An example of a combination of circle ornamentation and stamps can be seen on the pot from Pottenbrunn grave no.
Here a sophisticated circle construction Pl. As a close analogy one may cite the Linsenlasche from Gars am Kamp Pl. It is probable that a special type of compass having a simple shape — a Stangenzirkel — was used, which consists of a small piece of wooden board and two metal points.
In this case it is highly improb- able that such an artefact could have survived. As mentioned earlier, a similar pattern can be also found on bone and antler artefacts.
An example from the region is the turned handle found in Inzersdorf-Walpersdorf Ramsl , Abb. Identic ornament can be seen on the bronze belt-hook from Ossarn Engelhardt , Abb.
Together with simple circles, yin-yang motives, triskels, S-shaped volutes and circular arcs drawn inside a circle the ornamentation made with the help of a compass can be also found on several decorative scabbards Pl.
In , in Sommerein am Leithagebirge, a pair of shoe lasts Pl. Due to their shape, it is clear that these were used for producing so-called Schnabelschuhe or pointed shoes.
Based on the pottery found nearby, they can be dated as far back as the Early Iron Age. Plenty of depictions as well as representations of the Schnabelschuhe are known, like the shoe-shaped ibula from Leopoldau in Vienna Neugebauer , Abb.
It can be seen on the scabbard found in grave no. Other evidence for shoes in the area are the bronze buttons like the ones from Oberndorf Ramsl forthcoming , Gemeinlebarn Neugebauer , or Herzogenburg— Kalkofen Neugebauer b, Taf.
Related cratsmanship can also be seen in nearby located settlement centres. In this case, based on the similarity of some production details, the Traisen Valley and the area of Bratislava show close connections.
In this respect the belt-hooks from Stupava and Ossarn should be mentioned Pl. Both pieces show special moulded ornaments of the metal sheet.
Also the butts of the spearheads from Stupava and Inzersdorf Neugebauer , Taf. Starting with the well-known piece found in grave no.
Another anthropomorphic ibula from this site Pieta , F. Engelhardt Engelhardt, K. Jerem Jerem, E. Some archaeological and technological evidence, OJA, 3, 57— Karl Karl, R.
Megaw Megaw, J. Communicationes, 15, Nitra, — Neugebauer a Neugebauer, J. Symposium Steyr, Linz, — Neugebauer b Neugebauer, J.
Neugebauer Neugebauer, J. Ramsl Ramsl Ramsl, P. Ramsl a Ramsl, P. Ramsl b Ramsl, P. Ramsl forthcoming Ramsl, P. Sankot Sankot, P.
Schrotta Trebsche Trebsche, P. Waldhauser Waldhauser, J. Zeiler Zeiler, M. Archaeological Studies in Later Prehistory. A Festschrit for Barry Ratery, Dublin, — Zeller Zeller, K.
Zirra Zirra, V. Distribution map of pottery kilns in NE Austria. Gotschim, BDA ; 2. Grave of a smith from St. Trebsche, NLM ; 3. Tools in grave no.
Tools from grave no. Herdits, BLM ; 3. Pottery base stamps a. Detail of puncture of a compass in ceramics photo: Linsenlasche from Gemeinlebarn—Schneiderweg, grave 82 drawing: Linsenlasche from Gars-hunau drawing: Compass ornamentation on a handle from Inzersdorf-Walpersdorf photo: Compass ornamentations on chape-ends from Pottenbrunn drawing: One of the two clay shoe lasts from Sommerein, Lower Austria photo: Details of the belt-hooks from Stupava and Ossarn drawing: Ramsl 1 2 Plate 1.
Detail of puncture of a compass in ceramics; 4. Stupava and Ossarn; A certain degree of inluence was also coming from Dacian and hracian territories which consequently resulted in the development of a heterogeneous material culture marked by the amalgamation of various metallurgical traditions.
Typologically com- parable objects of high aesthetic value can thus be traced over a vast area, indicating the existence of a supra-regional preference in speciic material.
As these artefacts were made of prestigious material requiring speciic know-how and cratsman- ship, we can suppose they were being produced in a small number of workshops which supplied a fairly large market.
By publishing the comparable data we wish to enrich the existing dataset presented by our Serbian colleagues and in this way contribute to the study of Late Iron Age metallurgy and toreutics in the Southern Carpathian Basin.
Broader data sets collected across a wider geographical range ofer a better insight into the metallurgical activities and Iron Age Crats and Cratsmen in the Carpathian Basin, , p.
A few objects dated to the end of the Early Iron Age ith—fourth century BC from Bogdanovci and Erdut have been included in the study as comparative material in order to trace the possible changes in the technological recipes over time Pl.
Artefacts were produced using diferent techniques — cast- ing, and cold- and hot-working — while the decoration was made by use of matrices, punching, gilding, iligree and granulation.
Two Jarak-type ibulae and a Laminci-type belt buckle Pl. Furthermore, the analysis included three objects from Sisak: Further items included two fragments of silver sheet pendants from Sremska Mitrovica Pl.
Unless otherwise noted, the items are accidental inds with undeined archaeological contexts. As a consequence, the outer, higher-energy shell electron ills its gap.
During this alteration, a luorescent X-ray characteristic of the element in question is generated Tite , Diferent areas of the same objects were analysed in order to investigate the homogeneity of the alloy and possible diferences in the composition of the various construction parts.
All of the results are reported normalised to per cent weight up to one decimal place. Standard deviations, coeicients of variation, and absolute and relative errors were calculated for all of the measurements.
A few other things should be kept in mind when looking at the data: Due to these limitations, the analysis is to be considered semi-quantitative.
Adding copper to silver was a standard recipe used in order to improve the hardness and toughness of the object, as pure silver is too malleable for the production of functional items.
Furthermore, in low concentrations the copper does not afect the appearance colour of the object Hughes—Hall , Debasing silver with bronze can plausibly be interpreted as a distinct Scordiscan recipe, which possibly came about due to the neccessity of metal recycling, resulting from a hypothetical deiciency of raw material copper ore needed for the debase- ment.
Further investigations of this hypothesis should be conducted. Besides the fact they are made from silver, a prestigious material, in a few instances — namely in Jarak and grave from Karaburma — these appear with Late-Republican Roman bronze vessels — speciically, Pescate-type ladles simpulae — which might be associated with the highest levels of the Scordiscan elite Egri—Rustoiu and could thus be regarded as a marker of class identity.
Low lead concentrations might be the atermath of the cupellation process, or they might indicate lead was an impurity of the copper ore.
A less likely explanation is that it might have been intentionally added to the bronze alloy. A similar alloy appears in the Laminci-type belt-buckle P, App.
Slightly difering amounts of major elements in the two ibulae and the buckle indicate these were not made from the same batch of metal. Ternary diagram showing silver-copper-tin ratio.
Ternary diagram of copper-tin- lead in the Jarak- type ibulae. Note the lower lead percentage of the Jarak samples; 3. It is interesting to note that zinc is present in low concentrations 0.
Tin has been detected in this ibula in amounts of 1. A similar but highly deteriorated box was found in Bogdanovci P, App.
From a technological as well as an aesthetic point of view, possibly the most interesting item is the pendant in the shape of a female head from Sisak P, App.
It belongs to a set of artefacts with realistic female head representations, which have been deined as Liburnian in a recent typological analysis Tonc and dated to the third—second century BC.
All of the various construction parts have been analysed: Its decoration is elaborate: Further unfortunately destructive analysis would be needed to determine this.
So far this is the only known example of gilded silver sheet in south- eastern Pannonia, the territory controlled by the Scordisci. Two exquisite inds — bracelets from Osijek P, App.
Filigree and granula- tion decoration is found on the lat part of the band; a simpler decoration is present on the Erdut sample a bead and a tendril , whereas the decoration on the Osijek bracelet is more complicated, with conical protrusions and closely spaced granulation.
Hence, the Scordisci were the link between the Hellenistic world in the south and Celtic regions in the north. Glass pieces may have also been a part of the decoration, but these are missing from the necklace.
Bracelets of this type are somewhat older than the items noted above: One analysis could be taken as sup- porting this hypothesis: What was the reason for the diferences in copper quantities in the alloy recipes?
But, in all likelihood, it was a consequence of new metallurgical knowledge, new trade routes and the arrival of cratsmen with diferent metallurgical traditions to the area.
Higher copper percentages were noted in the Sisak ibula and in certain construction elements of some items such as the loop connecting the chains of the female head pendant, or the rivet on the Laminci-type buckle.
Although tin was detected in the Sisak ibula, it was probably not a product of a Scordiscan workshop. However, the reason for the presence of tin in this sample and the possible rela- tionships with the Jarak-type ibulae needs to be further investigated.
Conversely, the accidental inds of matrices in Sisak open up the possibility of local workshops that need to be looked at in more detail in further research.
In general, the wide geographical distribution of the analysed material bears testimony to the exist- ence of cultural interactions in the Carpathian Basin and the Western Balkans, characterized by the preference for silver as a prestige material for jewellery and dress elaboration, with slight regional dis- tinctions in types of adornment — for example, the Jarak-type ibulae, characteristic of the Scordisci, or the Liburnian anthropomorphic pendants, spread throughout the Eastern Adriatic and its hinterland.
Some objects are found in an even wider area, such as silver sheet pendants or chains made of inter- twined wire, conirming the existence of a communication network through which these objects, as well as the tendencies for their employment in dress elaboration, were transported between local Pannonian, western Balkan, Dacian and Hellenistic workshops.
It is precisely through the broadening of compatible data sets and comparisons of the conducted analyses that the further progress is to be made in the study of Late Iron Age technology and metallurgi- cal traditions in the Carpathian Basin.
Standard deviations SD , coeicients of variation CV , and absolute d absolute and relative d relative errors both in the analysed and standard values indicate a satisfactory accuracy of the portable instrument.
Historical Metallurgy Society Datasheets: London, he Historical Metallurgy Society. Egri—Rustoiu Egri, M.
Local identity and regional contacts in theancient world, IN: Hughes—Hall Hughes, M. Kassianidou Kassianidou, V. Klemenc Klemenc, J. Mitrevski Mitrevski, D.
Le second Age du Fer dans la cuvette des Karpates, Paris. Tite Tite, M. Vinski Vinski, Z. Ternary diagram of copper-tin- lead in the Jarak-type ibulae.
P, P, P ; 4—6. P, P, P ; 7. P- ; 5. However, ibulae of this type have also been documented in the neighbouring areas and even at sites in the northern parts of the Carpathian Basin Fig.
Sites of bronze ibulae with a rectangular plaque and enamel decoration. Although bronze ibulae characterised by enamel decoration were distinguished as a separate type from very early on, it was initially believed that they formed part of bronze belts decorated in the same way, sometimes even with the same motifs Sellye Another advocate of the opinion that they were a characteristic form of the material heritage of the Scordisci was M.
Nevertheless, the most detailed analysis so far was published by P. Within this assemblage he recognized certain inds that could be interpreted as wasters, which would indicate a local production of the Scordisci in eastern Syrmia.
In addition to the Scordiscan territory, bronze ibulae with a rectangular plaque decorated with enamel appear also at other sites in the Carpathian Basin Fig.
Bronze ibulae with a rectangular plaque from Romanian sites have been distinguished as type 5a and which generally have depressions in the shape of a rectangle or triangle Beldiman , —, ig.
When one discusses the beginning of the production and the origin of this characteristic type of female attire, it is important to compare them with iron ibulae that are also decorated with enamel.
Likewise, through a detailed typological classiication we might put forward a more speciic time frame for the use of the distinguished forms.
Foot terminals segmented in this way always lie above the bow. Bronze ibulae with a rectangular plaque can be divided into several variants based on the shape of the depression for the enamel, whose distributions may point to the position of the workshops for their manufacture.
Bronze ibulae with a rectangular plaque with a rectangular or square depression Fig. Dizdar Novi Banovci has also yielded numerous ibulae of this variant.
On the foot, between two small knobs, there is a square or rectangular plaque with a depression of the same shape in which traces of enamel are preserved.
A groove runs along the edges of the plaque. Some fragments could belong to wasters or uninished specimens Sellye , pl. A ibula from Uilac Pl.
A ibula from Ritopek can be considered as a separate form within the distinguished variant. Bronze ibulae with a rectangular plaque on which there is a round or oval depression Fig.
On both ibulae the end of the foot gently widens in the form of an anchor toward the spring, which was presumably composed of six-coil spring with internal cord Pieta , 32, ig.
Bronze ibulae with a rectangular plaque with a hourglass-shaped depression Fig. A groove runs along the edges of the plaque, while the foot widens in the form of an anchor above the spring that probably consisted of six externally connected coils.
On the knob before the plaque there are also small oval depressions. Bronze ibulae with a rectangular plaque on which there is a depression in the shape of two hourglasses with or without a small round depression Fig.
From Alba Iulia is a ibula with a low trapezoidal bow and a long foot on which, above the bow, between two small knobs, there is a rectangular plaque with two hourglass-shaped depressions, with a round depression between them Pl.
Dizdar are depressions in the shape of two hourglasses, between which there is an additional round depression Pieta , 31, ig.
Bronze ibulae with a rectangular plaque on which there is a curvilinear depression Fig. Bronze ibulae with a rectangular plaque on which there is a central depression surrounded by small depressions in the corners Fig.
Novi Banovci yielded also a fragment of the foot of a ibula with a knob and rectangular plaque con- nected by a round plaque, suggesting that we are dealing with uninished specimens.
A fragment of the foot of a ibula with a plaque decorated in the similar way Pl. On the plaque there is a rhombic- shaped central depression and a triangular depression in each corner.
Sites of bronze ibulae with a rectangular plaque on which there are depressions with opposing series of triangles — the Boljevci variant. Bronze ibulae with a rectangular plaque on which there are depressions with opposing series of triangles — the Boljevci variant Fig.
Near the end of the long foot of a ibula found in the area of the Scordiscan cemetery at Boljevci, between two small knobs, there is a rectangular plaque on which there are two opposing series of three triangular depressions inset with yellow and blue enamel Pl.
Between the triangular depressions, in the middle of the plaque, there are four concentric circles. Near the end of the foot, between two small knobs, there is a rectangular plaque with two opposing series of three triangular depressions between which there are four concentric circles.
A groove runs along the edge of the plaque. Novi Banovci yielded a part of the foot of a ibula with a rectangular plaque and a knob.
On the plaque, which has a groove along the edges, there are two opposing series of three triangular depres- sions separated by two concentric circles Sellye , pl.
Another ibula from Novi Banovci also has two series of triangular depressions separated by four concentric circles Pl. From Kosmaj we have a part of the bow and foot of a ibula with a rectangular plaque between small knobs on either side Pl.
Due to this uncertainty we believe that the ibula supposedly found at Beli breg is in fact the previously mentioned ibula from the nearby site of Brestovik.
Only the rectangular plaque with a small knob on either side is preserved Pl. Banat yielded also a rectangu- lar plaque between two small knobs which is decorated with the same motif, while a groove runs along the edges Pl.
Near the end, above the spring, the foot widens into an elongated rectangular plaque Rustoiu , 99, ig. A fragment of a ibula from Zemun, of which a rectangular plaque with a single knob is preserved, can be attributed to the ibulae of the Boljevci variant Pl.
As a special form of this variant we can distinguish the ibulae with rectangular plaques and tri- angular depressions arranged in two opposing series, between which there are no concentric circles.
From the Danube bank near Zemun comes a fragment of the end of the foot with a rectangular plaque between two small knobs Pl. In addition to bronze ibulae with rectangular plaques which are the most common form, there are many known bronze and iron ibulae with variously shaped plaques documented at sites throughout the Carpathian Basin and the south-eastern Alpine area.
For instance, in Romania, as the b variant ibulae were distinguished those with oval plaques that share the identical structural features with the ibulae with rectangular plaques Rustoiu , 38—39, ig.
Fibulae with a triangular plaque As a separate form we can distinguish ibulae with triangular depressions at the end of the foot; their remaining typological features, such as the position of the plaques at the end of the foot and the trapezoidal bow, they correspond to the forms with rectangular plaques.
Grave LT 12 in Zvonimirovo contained a pair of iron ibulae that have, at the end of the long foot, a bronze triangular section with a rectangular depression, which has a perforation at the bottom which passes also through the triangular bow Pl.
A similar iron ibula with a bronze triangular depression was found in the female grave at Kapiteljska njiva Fig. Grave A32 from Gracarca contained an iron ibula with a triangular depression.
Associated with a bronze belt in cre- mation grave of the Holiare cemetery was a bronze ibula with a triangular plaque between two small knobs at the end of the foot Pl.
Grave 25 in Dobova, dating to the Mokronog IIb phase, contained a large ibula with a long foot that has a rectangular plaque with folded lateral ends at the joint with the bow.
From the south eastern Alpine area there are also ibulae from Vinica, which, based on their structural features, although they also have rectangular plaques, probably relate to local forms Gabrovec , , pl.
Bronze ibulae with small, transverse depressions on the foot are another distinct type. For instance, a grave from Kablarovac near Gradina on the Bosut River contains a ibula with a trapezoidal bow on whose long foot, between two large knobs, there is a transverse depression which probably contained enamel or glass.
Between two knobs on the foot there is a rectangular depression, while the low bow which extends into a spring composed of four coils with external cord.
Judging from all the inds in the grave it was attributed to the burial of a prominent woman and dated to LT C1 Hellebandt , 60, pl. With regard to the shape of the plaque and the protrusions, as well as the spatial distribution, two basic types can be distinguished.
To this class we can also attribute the fragment of a ibula from Donja Dolina, with a trian- gular plaque on which there is a depression of the same shape and which has on either side a damaged lateral protrusion.
Bronze ibulae or fragments from the sites of the Mokronog group belong to the second type. On each side of the plaque there is a lateral semicircular protrusion with a circular depression, while the end of the foot has the shape of a narrow rectangular plaque, set above the spring.
On either lateral end of the rectan- gular plaques there is a semicircular protrusion with a depression, while the edges of the plaques are decorated with incisions Stare , 43, pl.
On this fragment there is a preserved oval plaque, set between two knobs, with a protrusion on either lateral side Beldiman , , ig.
Fibulae of this heterogeneous group are divided into a number of variants, primarily based on the shapes of depressions, which were probably illed with polychrome enamel.
Earlier assumptions pointed out that these ibulae can be considered a characteristic form of the mate- rial heritage of the Scordisci, whose distribution area yielded most inds.
However, recent investigations have shown that they were distributed from the Lower Danube Basin and Transylvania to the northern parts of the Carpathian Basin Fig.
In the same vein, ibulae with depressions on the rectangular plaque forming a complex com- position have so far most commonly been documented in the Middle and Lower Tisza Basin Fig.
Likewise, we should not exclude the possibility of the existence of work- shops for certain forms in Transylvania, as shown by recent inds.
On the other hand, contemporaneous ibulae with a triangular plaque can be considered as products of workshops situated in the south east Alpine and south west Pannonian areas.
Appendix 1 List of sites Bronze ibulae with a rectangular plaque with a rectangular or square depression Fig. Dizdar Dizdar, M.
Dular Dular, A. Ferencz Ferencz, I. Gabrovec Gabrovec, S. Gaiu Gaiu, C. Filozofski fakultet, Odsjek za povijest - FF Press , Lessing im kroatischen Theater in zagreb im Jahre zu untersuchen.
Sas Bild des Kindes im kroatischen Kinderroman des In der Strukturbildung des Romans spielt die Stereotypie der panslawistischen Bedrohung der ungarischen Nation eine strukturbildende Rolle.
Seit dem ansgehenden Natinale Stereotype als historische Allegorien in der modernen ungarischen Lyrik: Aufgrund dieses Gesichtspunktes wird dem allegorischen Aspekt der poetischen Sprache besondere Aufmerksamkeit geschenkt.
Der Beitrag stellt die Frage: Wie gewinnen diese wiederkehrenden Begriffe als Symbole einem reflexivremporalischen allegorischen Sinn, wie verdrehen und erneuern sie ihre stereotypische Bedeutung?
Die Rede ist von in der Romantik oft zum Vorschein kommenden Motiven wie z. From land to the city: Budapest in the poetry of the 19th century Hungary: The lecture discusses how Budapest became a topic of modern Hungarian poetry.
Although this subject is widely discussed among literary theorists of the past few decades, it is still missing Hungarian literary history.
From the s to the end of the century the newborn capital in a special relation to Vienna gained its own faces. Some of these faces were represented of stricty shaped by literary works of art.
Therefore, myi nterest is not only historical of cultural, it moves rather toward the poetical formations of the topic. Das Bild der Kroaten in der deutschprachigen Literatur: In alkl diesen Texten findet sich nirgendwo mehr die deutlich negative Charakterisierung der Kroaten, wie wir sie aus aSchillers Wallenstein kennen.
Deutlich wird in diesem Zusammenghang auch, dass von dem kulturellen Stereotyp des Kroaten in der modernen deutschsprachigen Literatur ernsthaft nicht geredet werden kann.
Viel interessanter ist die gleichzeitige Ungarophilie in Dubrovnik und Dalmatien M. Stereotype kultureller "Gestaltungstechniken" in der Avantgarde: Use this information to create a clear set of goals for your holiday campaigns.
Choose targets that will encourage your team to be aggressive and strive for new milestones. Create a clear content plan around all holidays.
Empathize with them and offer a value proposition they absolutely cannot refuse. Consumers can identify spam and cruddy deals from miles away.
If your messaging stinks, audiences will ignore you. Create equally compelling landing pages. Traffic acquisition is only part of the marketing equation.
You need to guide your audiences through the conversion funnel too. Learn and adapt continually. Analyze trends and performance from every email campaign you run.
When possible, start by testing on segments of your email list before deploying promotions in full. Here are some tips for getting started: Emphasize key holiday themes: Share a snapshot for upcoming Cyber Monday and Holiday deals.
Consider soft-launching your holiday shopping guide. Send a reminder for subscribers to start buying cold-weather gear. Here are key details to keep in mind: Demonstrate strong national pride, with a celebratory mindset.
Be thoughtful and sincere. Reach your consumers as early in the day as possible. Launch the best promotion possible.
Build anticipation to get customers excited. In fact, you could require them to sign up for your email list to get the deal early, before the general public.
The following stats roundup from Digiday explains why: Mobile sales exceeded 17 percent of total online sales, a whopping increase of Shoppers with loaded online carts actually bought the items at a Out-do your in-store sales by appealing to those who prioritize convenience but still love deals.